Frequently Ask Question


Can livestock survive without their food concetrate.


The feed concentrate is a mixture of assorted grains that have been processed and ground together. These grains are then mixed with molasses, vitamins and minerals in order to add to their nutritional value.

Familiar grains such as oats, barley and corn may be used in the creation of a feed concentrate. Top quality grains such as these are actually more nutritious than the lesser varieties, so if you are planning on buying feed concentrates for your livestock you should do so from those companies who offer only top quality products.

To create a feed concentrate the grain is first cleaned and then milled into fine granules. The grain is then ground into a coarse powder and then sifted to remove any clumps of grain that may be present.


What are the factors that contribute to high silage losses?


There are three main types of loss. The first is cold damage. Silage quality is greatly reduced as temperatures fall below 12°C (53°F). The second is fermentation losses, often referred to as “hot spots.” Fermentation losses are caused by microbial activity within the silage. The third is physical loss: run-off and other factors that result in a reduction in the amount of feed actually available for consumption by the stock.

The main ways of reducing these losses include reducing the temperature of storage and the rate of fermentation.

  1. Silos can be insulated or fitted with heating, either by electrical elements or by a fluid that circulates through tubes within the walls and heats them up. Insulation also has some effect on reducing run-off, particularly in haylage systems where silage is created directly from grass or clover hay, which tends to be less stable than corn silage.

  1. Questions
  2. What does the term functional effeciency mean in livestock farming.
  3. Answers
  4. Functional effeciency means that in any livestock farming each breed has to produce and reproduce for best profitability.
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